■ 과업명
안산시 공동체 회복 프로그램 성과평가 연구-1차 보고서

■ 발주처
안산시 마을만들기 지원센터, 희망마을사업추진단

■ 과업기간
2019. 6. 12. ~ 11. 8.

■ 과업목적
– 4.16 세월호 참사 이후 국비 지원을 통해 1단계 ‘안산시 공동체 회복 프로그램(2017~19)을 3년간 운영한 현시점에서 그간 성과를 평가하고 2단계 공동체 회복 프로그램(2020~22)의 필요성을 확인함
– 1단계 프로그램 평가에 기초해 향후 지역 공동체의 사회적 가치 실현방안 및 프로그램의 지속성 확보 근거를 마련
– 공동체 회복 프로그램을 평가할 수 있는 핵심 평가 기준을 도출함으로써 사회적 성과 확산 기반을 마련
– 사회적 가치 실현을 위한 안산시 지역 공동체 회복 프로그램의 과제 제시(2020~22)

■ 목차: 1차 보고서

제1장. 연구개요
1. 연구 배경 및 목적 ··············································································································· 3
1) 연구 배경 ··························································································································· 3
2) 연구 목적 ··························································································································· 3
2. 연구 범위 ······························································································································· 4
1) 시간적 범위 ······················································································································· 4
2) 공간적 범위 및 대상 ······································································································· 4
3) 내용적 범위 ······················································································································· 4
3. 연구 추진과정 ······················································································································· 5
1) 연구 방법 ··························································································································· 5
2) 추진 일정 ··························································································································· 5
3) 참여 연구진 ······················································································································· 5

제2장. 안산시 일반 현황
1. 안산시 일반 현황 ················································································································· 9
1) 위치 및 지역적 특성 ······································································································· 9
2) 인구 현황 ························································································································· 10
3) 산업 경제 ························································································································· 14
4) 삶의 질 ····························································································································· 17
5) 희망마을 대상지(와동, 고잔동, 선부3동) 현황 ·························································· 22
2. 요약 및 시사점 ··················································································································· 26
1) 미래세대 인구 감소에 따른 지역 성장 둔화 우려 ··················································· 26
2) 가정·노동 등 삶의 질 경기도 ‘최하위’… 지역 간 생활환경 ‘불균형’ ··················· 26
3) 2040세대-단원구 주민 ‘문화행사 만족도’ 30%대 ················································· 26
4) [희망마을 대상지] 고잔동·선부3동 2017년 이후 인구 회복세 ······························ 27

제3장. 1단계 공동체 회복 프로그램 정리 및 분석
1. 1단계 공동체 회복프로그램 ······························································································ 31
1) 추진 근거 ························································································································· 31
2) 추진 경과 ························································································································· 33
3) 사업 방향 및 목적 ········································································································· 34
4) 프로그램 추진사항 ········································································································· 35
5) 지역자원 활용 ················································································································· 39
2. 연도별 프로그램 추진성과 ································································································ 42
1) 2017년도 ‘공동체 회복 기반 마련기’ ········································································· 42
2) 2018년도 ‘프로그램 확산 및 주민 소통 확대기’ ····················································· 49
3) 2019년도 ‘주체 역량 강화 및 성과 분석기’ ····························································· 57
3. 프로그램 세부내용 ············································································································· 59
1) 유형(1) 공동체 회복 마을살이 활동지원 사업 ·························································· 59
2) 유형(2) 세월호 이슈 기반 지역혁신 사업 ································································· 62
3) 유형(3) 미래세대 성장지원 사업 ················································································· 66
4) 유형(4) 사회적 갈등치유 소통증진 사업 ··································································· 70
5) 유형(5) 공동체 회복활동 성장지원 및 성과관리 사업 ············································ 78
4. 요약 및 시사점 ··················································································································· 84
1) 세월호 가족 대상 심리적 사회적 경제적 회복·치유 프로그램 운영 ···················· 84
2) 유가족-주민 간 접점을 확대해 갈등을 치유하는 공동체 소통 추진 ···················· 84
3) 마을공동체 차원 생명·안전 가치 학습 및 실천 기회 제공 ···································· 84
4) 공동체 회복 활동 주체로서의 활동가 육성 ······························································ 85
5) 청소년·청년의 꿈 실현 및 공동체 활동 기반 조성 ················································· 85
6) 지역 맞춤형 이슈 공론화를 통한 주민참여 강화 ····················································· 86

제4장. 안산시 공동체 회복 프로그램 성과 평가 설문
1. 조사 개요 ····························································································································· 89
1) 대상 ··································································································································· 89
2) 응답자 수 ························································································································· 89
3) 기간 ··································································································································· 89
4) 방법 ··································································································································· 89
5) 항목 및 내용 ··················································································································· 89
2. 조사결과 및 분석 ··············································································································· 92
1) 참여주민 만족도 조사 ··································································································· 92
2) 활동가 만족도 조사 ····································································································· 158
3) 주체 간 비교(활동가-참여주민 대상) ······································································· 232

제5장. 심층인터뷰
1. 인터뷰 개요 ······················································································································· 263
1) 대상 ································································································································ 263
2) 기간 ································································································································ 263
3) 방법 ································································································································ 263
4) 주요 내용 ······················································································································· 263
2. 인터뷰 결과 ······················································································································· 264
1) A그룹 : 공동체 회복 프로그램 참여주민 1(세월호 유가족) ································ 264
2) B그룹 : 공동체 회복 프로그램 참여주민 2(사업 유형별) ···································· 265
3) C그룹 : 활동가 1(연대체·연석회의), 연구자 ··························································· 272
4) D그룹 : 활동가 2(프로그램별 단체) ········································································· 275
5) E그룹 : 희망마을사업추진단 및 마을만들기 지원센터 ········································· 281
3. 요약 및 시사점 ················································································································· 285
1) [주체 간 소통①] 유가족-주민-활동가 ‘활발’, 활동가-활동가 ‘약화’ ················· 285
2) [주체 간 소통②] 활동가-행정 ‘평가 교차’, 추진단-마을지원센터 ‘미약’ ········· 285
3) [주체 역량] 유가족·주민 ‘자생기반 마련’, 활동가 ‘성장의 기회’ ····················· 286
4) [지역자원 활용] “행정·민간 자원 적극적인 협업 일상화” ··································· 286
5) [공동체 자생력] “지역 주체 성장·전문 인력 확보 더 이뤄져야” ······················· 287

제6장. 요약 및 시사점
1. 연구요약 ····························································································································· 291
1) 연구 개요 ······················································································································· 291
2) 안산시 일반 현황 ········································································································· 291
3) 1단계 공동체 회복 프로그램 정리 및 분석 ···························································· 292
4) 프로그램 성과평가 설문 ····························································································· 292
5) 심층인터뷰 ····················································································································· 295
2. 시사점 및 향후 과제 ······································································································· 297
1) 유가족-주민 간 이해 증대… 주민 피로감 해소는 과제 ······································ 297
2) ‘지역사회 갈등 해소’ 효과 ‘제한적’ ········································································· 297
3) 주체 역량, ‘양적 성장’ 넘어 ‘질적 성장’ 도모해야 ··············································· 298
4) 공동체 지속성 확보 ‘미지수’ … “사람이 남아야” ················································· 299
5) 기관별 역할 정립 및 협업구조 구축 ········································································ 300
참고 문헌
부록

■ 연구진
정창기 대안연구센터 센터장
김현수 대안연구센터 연구원
허웅 대안연구센터 연구원

■ 펴낸 날
2019. 08.

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